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Install Free Junos From Usb For Mac

 

My intent of this post is to be a quick reference guide for recovering, installing and upgrading Junos OS using USB format install method. Juniper switches are well know for software corruption caused mainly due to unexpected power failure. This will be an easy and useful document for the engineers who use Juniper Switches in their organization.

Windows and Mac operating systems are famous for their built-in application programs, which range from note-taking management software to media players, in addition to games and tools like calculators. As you research operating systems for yourself or your business, take note of the included applications and if you prefer some over others. Junos free download - JUNOS GENIUS, Junos Genius, Rise of Nations Juno Map, and many more programs.

  1. Junos device environments for booting from USB: If the Junos software loads but the CLI is not working for any reason.
  2. Install Mac Os From Usb; Usb For Mac And Pc; Install Free Junos From Usb For Macbook Pro; Install Free Junos From Usb For Macbook; Install Free Junos From Usb For Mac Os; Michael Dale. So it is time to modify junos-srxsme-12.1X47-D10.4-domestic.tgz to work on 240H devices. I did this on Mac OS but any.nix system will work, it isn't that hard.
  3. There are several ways to update your JunOS software but one of the common and safe method is doing through the CLI and a USB memory stick. First, get your software from Juniper.net first and save it to a MSDOS formatted USB stick. Then, follow those steps (as root, through serial console is highly recommended).

Before you begin

Prerequisites

  • Copy JUNOS OS upgrade image on a USB flash disk Copy JUNOS OS upgrade image on a USB flash disk
  • Check for adequate space on the EX Series device.
  • Preparing the Flash Drive
    • Any USB key formatted with FAT or FAT32 file systems can be used
    • Plug the USB key to a Windows PC/Laptop
    • Right-Click the removable disk and format the drive with FAT/FAT32 file system
    • Copy the JUNOS OS package to the USB.

    Now insert the USB disk to the EX Series switch and follow the below commands.

    CLI Commands

    root> start shell
    [email protected]:RE:0% mount_msdosfs /dev/da1s1 /mnt
    [email protected]:RE:0% cd /mnt
    [email protected]:RE:0% ls
    junos-arm-32-18.1R3-S4.2.tgz
    [email protected]:RE:0% cp junos-arm-32-18.1R3-S4.2.tgz /var/tmp/
    [email protected]:RE:0% cd /var/tmp
    [email protected]:RE:0% ls
    bcast.bdisp.log mmcq_sdb_bbe_mmcq
    bcast.disp.log pc
    bcast.rstdisp.log pfe_debug_commands
    bcast.undisp.log pics
    ex_autod_config pkg_cleanup.log.err
    ex_autod_rollback_cfg rtsdb
    junos-arm-32-18.1R3-S4.2.tgz sd-upgrade
    krt_rpf_filter.txt stable
    mmcq_mmdb_rep_mmcq
    [email protected]:RE:0% cli
    {master:0}
    root>request system software add /var/tmp/junos-arm-32-18.1R3-S4.2.tgz no-copy no-validate unlink force reboot
    Post reboot you switch firmware should be upgraded to the new version, you can verify this using below command
    root> show version
    fpc0:
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Model: ex3400-48t
    Junos: 18.1R3-S4.2

ON THIS PAGE

A Juniper Networks device is delivered withthe Juniper Networks operating system (Junos OS or Junos OS Evolved)preinstalled. As new features and software fixes become available,you must upgrade your software to use them. Before the upgrade, backup the configuration files.

Software Installation and Upgrade Overview

A Juniper Networks device is delivered withthe Juniper Networks operating system (Junos OS or Junos OS Evolved)preinstalled. When you power on the device, it starts (boots) usingthe installed software. As new features and software fixes becomeavailable, you must upgrade your software to use them.

You upgrade (or downgrade) the version of the operating systemon a device by copying a software installation package to your deviceor other system on your local network and then using the CLI to installthe new software on the device. You then reboot the device, whichboots from the newly installed software.

Before installing software, back up the system, select the softwareinstallation package you require, and download it from the JuniperNetworks downloads page. If you encounter any difficulties duringsoftware installation, you can use the recovery installation procedureto install the operating system on the device. After a successfulupgrade, back up the new existing configuration to a secondary device.

Note

Before installing software on a device that has one ormore custom YANG data models added to it, back up and remove the configurationdata corresponding to the custom YANG data models from the activeconfiguration. For more information see Managing YANG Packages and Configurations During a Software Upgrade or Downgrade.

To understand more about Junos OS Software Licensing, see the Juniper Licensing Guide. Please refer to the product Data Sheetsaccessible from Products &Services for details, or contact your Juniper Account Team orJuniper Partner.

  • For features on EX Series Switches that require license,see Understanding Software Licenses for EX Series Switches

  • For features on M Series Routers that require license,see Software Features That Require Licenses on M Series Routers Only

  • For features on M Series, MX Series, and T Series Routersthat require license, see Software Features That Require Licenses on M Series, MX Series, andT Series Routers

  • For features on MX Series Routers that require license,see Software Features That Require Licenses on MX Series Routers Only

  • For features on QFX Series Switches that require license,see Software Features That Require Licenses on the QFX Series.

  • For features on SRX Series devices that require license,see Software Feature Licenses for SRX Series Devices.

The following subsections introduce the overall considerationsin installing the software:

Types of Junos OS Installation

The three types of installations used to upgradeor downgrade your device are standard installation, category change,and recovery. The standard installation is the standard method ofupgrading and downgrading the software. Use a category change installationwhen you are moving from one software category to another; for example,if you are changing the device from using the standard Junos OS tothe Junos-FIPS category. Perform a recovery installation when thesoftware on the device is damaged or otherwise unable to accommodatea software upgrade or downgrade.

Category Change InstallationThe category change installation process is used to move fromone category of Junos OS to another on the same router; for example,moving from a Junos OS standard installation on a router to a Junos-FIPSinstallation. When moving from one installation category to another,you need to be aware of the restrictions regarding this change.
Note

Juniper Networks does not support using the request system snapshot command to delete the backupinstallation from the system.

Snapshots taken with the request system snapshot commandin a Junos OS (as in legacy Junos OS) system. To back up your JunosOS with upgraded FreeBSD system devices, use the

All software releases are delivered in signed packages thatcontain digital signatures to ensure official Juniper Networks software.To see which software packages are currently running on the deviceand to get information about these packages, use the show version command does not show the softwareedition installed, only the release number of the software.

You can either download software to the /var/tmp directory of your device, or install it directly from the downloadspage.

For more information about signed software packages, see the Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved Installation Package Names.

Connecting to the Console

We recommend that you upgrade all individual softwarepackages using an out-of-band connection from the console or managementEthernet interface, because in-band connections can be lost duringthe upgrade process.

Console ports allow root access to the Junos operating system(Junos OS) devices through a terminal or laptop interface, regardlessof the state of the Junos OS device, unless it is completely poweredoff. By connecting to the console port, you can access the root levelof the Junos OS device without using the network to which the devicemight or might not be connected. This creates a secondary path tothe Junos OS device without relying on the network.

Using the terminal interface provides a technician sitting ina Network Operations Center a long distance away the ability to restorea Junos OS device or perform an initialization configuration securely,using a modem, even if the primary network has failed. Without a connectionto the console port, a technician would have to visit the site toperform repairs or initialization. A remote connection to the JunosOS device through a modem requires the cable and connector (providedin the device accessory box), plus a DB-9 to DB-25 (or similar) adapterfor your modem, which you must purchase separately. For more informationabout connecting to the console port, see the administration guidefor your particular device.

To configure the device initially, you must connect a terminalor laptop computer to the device through the console port, as shownin Figure 1.

Validating the Installation Package with the Current Configuration

When you upgrade or downgrade software, we recommendthat you include the request system software add command to check that thecandidate software is compatible with the current configuration. Bydefault, when you add a package with a different release number, thevalidation check is done automatically.

Direct validation of the running configuration does not workfor upgrading to Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD from Junos OS basedon older versions of the FreeBSD kernel. Therefore, when upgradingor downgrading between Junos OS and Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD,you might have to validate on a different host.

If you do not want to validate when upgrading, you must specifythe ERROR: Unsupported platform for 12.1X46 releasesafter 12.1X46-D65

Existing SRX Series devices that are running Junos OS Release9.6 or earlier use the single-root partitioning scheme. While upgradingthese devices to Junos OS Release 10.0 or later, you can choose toformat the storage media with dual-root partitioning (strongly recommended)or retain the existing single-root partitioning.

Certain Junos OS upgrade methods format the internal media beforeinstallation, whereas other methods do not. To install Junos OS Release10.0 or later with the dual-root partitioning scheme, you must usean upgrade method that formats the internal media before installation.

Note

If you are upgrading to Junos OS Release 10.0 without transitioningto dual-root partitioning, use the conventional CLI and J-Web userinterface installation methods.

These upgrade methods format the internal media before installation:

  • Installation from the boot loader using a TFTP server

  • Installation from the boot loader using a USB storagedevice

  • Installation from the CLI using the Install Free Junos From Usb For Mac Os

    Once the media has been formatted with the dual-root partitioningscheme, you can use conventional CLI or J-Web user interface installationmethods, which retain the existing partitioning and contents of themedia, for subsequent upgrades.

    Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved Installation Package Names

    The installation package is used to upgradeor downgrade from one release to another. When installed, the installationpackage completely reinstalls the software, rebuilds the Junos OSfile system, and can erase system logs and other auxiliary informationfrom the previous installation. The installation package does, however,retain the configuration files from the previous installation.

    Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved installation packages have thefollowing general pattern:

    • release-extension

    For enhanced automation variants of Junos OS, the installationpackage looks like this:

    Install Mac Os From Usb

    • release-extension

    The signed part of the filenameindicates that the software is delivered in signed packages that containdigital signatures, Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-1), and Message Digest5 (MD5) checksums. A package is installed only if the checksum withinit matches the hash recorded in its corresponding file. Which checksumis used depends on the software version:

    • Digital signatures are used when you upgrade or downgradebetween Junos OS Release 7.0 and a later version.

    • The SHA-1 checksum is used when you upgrade or downgradebetween Junos OS Release 6.4 and a later version.

    • The MD5 checksum is used when you upgrade or downgradebetween Junos OS Release 6.3 or earlier and a later version.

    Starting in 2015, the word signed appears less frequently after the edition in the filename. But youmight still see it in software installation packages. Whether signed appears or not, all Junos OS images fromJunos OS Release 15.1 on are signed for validation. All Junos OS Evolvedimages are signed for validation.

    Extensions are tgz, gz, img, iso, etc.

    For more detail on the makeup of the installation package filename,see the following sections:

    Install Free Junos From Usb For Macbook

    Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved Installation Packages Prefixes

    The first part of the installation package filename is a combinationof a standard prefix and product designation. Table 1 lists a variety of Junos OSpackage name prefixes.

    Starting in Junos OS Release 15.1, certain hardware platformsrun a Junos OS based on an upgraded FreeBSD kernel (hereafter calledJunos OS with upgraded FreeBSD). Table 1 also indicates the prefixes used for the different platformsrunning Junos OS with upgraded FreesBSD.

    SRX Series packages use the following naming convention forpackage prefixes:

    • product

    Table 1 lists several examplesof installation package prefixes for the SRX Series.

    Table 1 does not list packagesyou do not use with the Installation Package PrefixDescription

    jinstall*

    Junos OS for M Series, MX Series, T Series, TX Matrix,and TX Matrix Plus routers.

    jinstall64*

    64-bit Junos OS for the JCS1200 Route Reflector, TX MatrixPlus routers with 3D SIBs, and PTX Series Packet Transport Routers.

    jinstall-ex*

    Junos OS for the EX Series Ethernet Switch portfolio.

    jinstall-host-acx5k*

    Junos OS for the ACX5000 Series routers.

    jinstall-host-nfx-2*

    Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD for NFX2xx platforms thatare Linux based; this prefix indicates the image includes the hostand Junos OS.

    For details and specific examples of package names for JunosOS with upgraded FreeBSD, see Changes in Package Names for Junos OS with Upgraded FreeBSD.

    jinstall-host-qfx*

    Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD for QFX platforms thatare Linux based; this prefix indicates the image includes the hostand Junos OS. For example, jinstall-host-qfx-5-

    Bookworm dmg box. jinstall-ocx-flex*

    OCX Series switches.

    jinstall-ppc*

    Junos OS for the ACX Series, MX5, MX10, MX40, MX80, andMX104 routers.

    junos-arm

    Junos OS with Upgraded FreeBSD for EX2300 and EX3400switches.

    For details and specific examples of package names for JunosOS with upgraded FreeBSD, see Changes in Package Names for Junos OS with Upgraded FreeBSD.

    junos-install*

    Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD for EX Series and MX Seriesrouters that support Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD.

    For specific examples of package names for Junos OS with upgradedFreeBSD, see Changes in Package Names for Junos OS with Upgraded FreeBSD.

    junos-evo-install* or junos-evo-install-media*

    Junos OS Evolved, introduced as of Junos OS Evolved Release18.3R1. ForJunos OS Evolved, there is a single image for all fixed form (versuschassis) platforms, and a platform image name can also be distinguishedas merchant silicon (ms). Starting in Junos OS Evolved 20.3R1, installpackages are available in limited editions. See Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved Editions. Here are some examples:

    • junos-evo-install-qfx-ms-fixed-x86-64-version.iso—All fixed PTX platformvariants (that is, PTX10001-36MR, and so on) have a single ISO image.

    • junos-evo-install-ptx-fixed-x86-64-version.iso—All fixed QFX platformvariants have a single ISO image. For QFX orders, this image is installedas factory default.

    • junos-evo-install-ptx-chassis-x86-64-version.iso—One single ISO imagefor QTX chassis platforms.

    junos-evo-profile1-install*

    Junos OS Evolved, introduced as of Junos OS Evolved Release19.1R1. For example, junos-evo-profile1-install-qfx-ms-fixed-x86-64-19.1-20190226.5-EVO.iso.Download the Services Profile 1 image to use the lean RPD profile.

    junos-install*

    Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD for EX Series and MX Seriesrouters that support Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD.

    For specific examples of package names for Junos OS with upgradedFreeBSD, see Changes in Package Names for Junos OS with Upgraded FreeBSD.

    junos-install-media-pxe-srxhe-x86* (USB)

    junos-install-media-usb-srxhe-x86* (PXE)

    junos-srxhe-x86* (CLI)

    Junos OS for SRX4600

    junos-srx1k3k*

    Junos OS for SRX1400, SRX3400 and SRX3600.

    junos-srx5000*

    Junos OS for SRX5400, SRX5600, and SRX5800.

    junos-srxentedge*

    Junos OS for SRX1500.

    junos-srxmr*

    Junos OS for SRX4100 and SRX4200.

    junos-srxsme*

    Junos OS for SRX300, SRX320, SRX340, SRX345, SRX380,and SRX550M.

    junos-vmhost-install*

    Junos OS with upgraded FreeBSD on VM Host.

    junos-install-media-pxe-srxhe-x86* (USB)

    junos-install-media-usb-srxhe-x86* (PXE)

    junos-srxhe-x86* (CLI)

    Junos OS for SRX4600

    See also

    Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved Release Numbers

    Note

    Junos OS Evolved uses the same release numbering systemas Junos OS.

    The release number represents a particular revisionof the software that runs on a Juniper Networks routing platform,for example, Junos OS Release 14.1,14.2, 15.1, or 17.1. Each releasehas certain new features that complement the software processes thatsupport Internet routing protocols, control the device’s interfacesand the device chassis itself, and allow device system management.On the Juniper Networks Support web page, you download software fora particular release number.

    In this example, we dissect the format of the software releasenumber to show what it indicates. The generalized format is as follows:

    Given the format of

    Install Free Junos From Usb For Macbook Pro

    • m is the mainrelease number of the product, for example, 17.

    • Z is the typeof software release, for example, R for FRS or maintenance release.

      For types of software releases, see Table 2.

    • s is the spinnumber of the product, for example, 13.

    Table 2: Software Release Types

    Release Type

    Description

    R

    First revenue ship (FRS) or maintenance release software.R1 is FRS. R2 onward are maintenance releases.

    F

    Feature velocity release. Feature velocity releases areonly in Junos OS Release 15.1.

    B

    Beta release software.

    I

    Internal release software. These are private softwarereleases for verifying fixes.

    S

    Service release software, which are released to customersto solve a specific problem—this release will be maintainedalong with the life span of the underlying release. The service releasenumber is added after the R number, for example, 14.2R3-S4.4. HereS4 represents the 4th service release on top of 14.2R3 and is the4th re-spin.

    X

    Special (eXception) release software. X releases followa numbering system that differs from the standard release numbering.

    Startingwith Junos OS Release 12.1X44-D10, SRX Series devices follow a specialnaming convention for Junos OS releases. For more information, referto the Knowledge Base article KB30092 at https://kb.juniper.net/InfoCenter/index?page=home.

    Note

    Prior to Junos OS Release 11.4, the software release numberformat for service releases was same as other releases. For example,10.4S4.2 represented the 4th service release and 2nd re-spin of 10.4.

    Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved Editions

    Editions show up in the installation package name after therelease number string and before signed.

    In releases earlier than Junos OS Release 15.1, installationpackages came in several major software package categories or editions,such as domestic, worldwide, or Federal Information Processing Standard(FIPS). For those still using packages with names including theseterms, here is what they indicate:

    • domestic—JunosOS for customers in the United States and Canada and for all othercustomers with a valid encryption agreement. This edition includeshigh-encryption capabilities such as IPsec and SSH for data leavingthe router or switch. Later images use a null, or empty, edition fieldfor this category.

    • limited—Junos OSfor all other customers. This edition does not include any high-encryptioncapabilities for data leaving the router or switch. Sometimes referredto as the Export edition, starting in Junos OSRelease 15.1R1, this category is is renamed to the limited edition.

    • fips—Junos OS thatprovides advanced network security for customers who need softwaretools to configure a network of Juniper Networks routers and switchesin a Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) 140-2 environment.For more information about Junos-FIPS, see FIPS 140-2 Security Compliance.In later images, FIPS, instead of being a separate edition, is anoption you select on installation.

    Starting with Junos OS 15.1, a simplified edition schemewas started:

    • Junos OS with a null (empty) edition field is the standardimage for Junos OS.

    • limited—Versionhas no cryptographic support and is intended for countries in theEurasian Customs Union (EACU). These countries have import restrictionson software containing>Note

      For information about which Routing Engines are supported byeach device, see https://www.juniper.net/documentation/en_US/release-independent/
      junos/topics/reference/general/routing-engine-m-mx-t-series-support-by-chassis.html.

      The ACX Series routers attempt to boot from the storage mediain the following order:

      1. USB storage media device

      2. Dual, internal NAND flash device (first da0s1, then da0s2)

      The router attempts to boot from the storage mediain the following order:

      MX80 routers attempt to boot from the storage media in the followingorder:

      1. USB media emergency boot device

      2. Dual, internal NAND flash device (first da0, then da1)

      MX104 routers attempt to boot from the storage media in thefollowing order:

      1. USB storage media device

      2. Internal NAND flash device (Note

        The Disk 2 slot is not currently supported.

      3. Storage media available on the LAN

      Booting from an Alternate Boot Device

      Note

      Do not insertan emergency boot device during normal operations. The router doesnot operate normally when it is booted from an emergency boot device.

      If therouter boots from an alternate boot device, Junos OS displays a messageindicating this when you log in to the router. For example, the followingmessage shows that the software booted from the hard disk (/dev/ad1s1a):

      This situation results when the router detects a problem withthe primary boot device—usually the CompactFlash card—thatprevents it from booting, and consequently boots from the alternateboot device (the hard disk drive). When this happens, the primaryboot device is removed from the list of candidate boot devices. Theproblem is usually a serious hardware error. We recommend you contactthe Juniper Networks Technical Assistance Center (JTAC).

      Note

      On MX104 routers, if the router boots from an alternate bootdevice, Junos OS does not display any message indicating this whenyou log in to the router.

      When the router boots from the alternate boot device, the softwareand configuration are only as current as the most recent mirror-flash-on-disk command was enabled, then the hard disk drive contains a synchronized,mirror image of the compact flash drive and therefore the currentsoftware and configuration.

      Related Documentation

      Description
      Starting in Junos OS Evolved 20.3R1, installpackages are available in limited editions.
      SRX100,SRX110, SRX210, SRX220, and SRX240 devices with 2 GB RAM cannot beupgraded to any Junos OS 12.1X46 Release after 12.1X46-D65. Attemptingto upgrade to this release on devices with 2 GB RAM will trigger thefollowing error:

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